ReferatFolder.Org.Ua — Папка українських рефератів!


Загрузка...


But by doing so the USA and Britain have violated the UN Charter according to which: \"All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.\" [ ]

Many political leaders doubt the necessity to preserve the UNO as there were drastic actions made by it. I think that the main reason for it is that the USA is the main financial source of the UNO and the latter in its turn is not willing to lose it.

In some way, my work can be continued as the events that happen in the world change the situation greatly. The future will show whether the UNO will be preserved or whether it\'ll lose its unique character.

REFERENCES

  • Basic Facts about the UN. Sales No E.95.1.31;

  • Bush G., Scowcroft B. Why We didn\'t Remove Saddam. Times, June 21, 1998;

  • Contreras Joseph, Watson Russel. Saddam Old Tricks. News Week, June 15, 1998;

  • Documents of the United Nations Department of Public Information;

  • Dr. Jan Azud Csc. The Peaceful Settlement of Disputes and the UN. Bratislava: Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, 1970;

  • Inside UNSCOM: The Inspector. Transcript of interview with Charles Duelfer, Deputy Chairman of the UN Special Commission to Iraq.;

  • Iraq Bars UN Inspection Teams From Searching For Weapons. Copyright 1998. The Associated Press.;

  • Malt Bill G. Parade of the Dead Babies. Times. August 7, 1998;

  • Nelan Bruce W. Selling the War Badly. Times, March 2, 1998;

  • Osmanczyk Edmund Jan. The Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Relations. 2nd ed. New York: Taylor and Francis, 1990;

  • Peiser A., Serber M. U.S. History and Government. New York: Asmo School Publications, Inc., 1992;

  • Ritter Leaves Baghdad After Weapons Inspections. CNN News Release. March 10, 1998;

  • Saddam Hussein Freezes co-operation with UN inspectors. CNN News Release. August 5, 1998;

  • Scott Ritter Testifies In Senate. CNN News Release. September 4, 1998;

  • The UN Charter;

  • The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: Field Enterprises, Inc.

  • U.S. Reacts Sternly to Iraq\'s Rebuff of Inspectors. CNN News Release, December 9, 1998;

  • U.S., Britain Bombard Iraq. CNN News Release, December 16, 1998;

  • United Nations Iraq-Kuwait observation mission;

  • Wedeman Ben \"Iraqis protest, but against what?\";

  • Western Forces Pound Baghdad in Second, \"Stronger\" Assault. CNN News Release, December 17, 1998;

    Appendix A

    CHARTER OF THE UN

    PREAMBLE

    WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

    to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and

    to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and

    to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and

    to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

    AND FOR THESE ENDS

    to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and

    to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and

    to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and

    to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,

    HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS

    Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations.

    Appendix B

    The specialized agencies

    • The International Labour Organization (ILO) formulates policies and programs to improve working conditions and employment opportunities, and defines international labour standards as guidelines for Governments;

    • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) works to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural productivity and food security, and to better the conditions of rural populations;

    • The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) promotes education for all cultural development, protection of the world\'s natural and cultural heritage, press freedom and communication;

    • The World Health Organization (WHO) coordinates programs aimed at solving health problems and the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health: it works in areas such as immunization, health education and the provision of essential drugs;

    • The World Bank group provides loans and technical assistance to developing countries to reduce poverty and advance sustainable economic growth;

    • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) facilitates international monetary cooperation and financial stability, and provides a permanent forum for consultation, advice and assistance on financial issues;

    • The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) sets international standards necessary for the safety, security, efficiency and regularity of air transport, and serves as the medium for cooperation in all areas of civil aviation;

    • The Universal Postal Union (UPU) establishes international regulations for the organization and improvement of postal services, provides technical assistance and promotes cooperation in postal matters;

    • The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) fosters international cooperation for the improvement and use of telecommunications of all kinds, coordinates usage of radio and TV frequencies, promotes safety measures and conducts research;

    • The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) promotes scientific research on the atmosphere and on climate change, and facilitates the global exchange of meteorological data and information;

    • The International Maritime Organization (IMO) works to improve international shipping procedures, encourages the highest standards in marine safety, and seeks to prevent marine pollution from ships;

    • The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) promotes international protection of intellectual property and fosters cooperation on copyrights, trademarks, industrial designs and patents;

    • The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) mobilizes financial resources for better food production and nutrition among the poor in developing countries;

    • The UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) promotes the industrial advancement of developing countries through technical assistance, advisory services and training;

    • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an autonomous intergovernmental organization under the aegis of the UN, works for the safe and peaceful uses of atomic energy;

    • The UN and the World Trade Organization (WTO), the major entity overseeing international trade, cooperate in assisting developing countries\' exports through the Geneva-based International Trade Centre.


  •